|After Marcel- Found Object|
Cubism is described as one of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was developed by Georges Braque (French artist 1882–1963) and Pablo Picasso (Spanish artist 1881–1973) in Paris between 1907 and 1914. Braque painted L'Estaque ( 1908) which was inspired Cézanne.
|Braque -Viaduct de l'estaque|
Cubist painters did not believe that art should only copy nature, and did not follow traditional techniques of perspective and modelling. They recognised the limitation of the two dimensions of the canvas and reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms which they then realigned within a shallow, relief-like space. Cubism use multiple or contrasting vantage points.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) by Picasso shows the influence of the African art as
well as Cézanne Cubism was inspired by Primitivism and non-Western sources that included items that Picasso had seen when he visited the ethnographic museum in the Palais du Trocadéro in Paris.
The video below tells more on this major work.
While Picasso and Braque created this new visual language, it was also developed by other painters, including Juan Gris.